Debates over the proper relationship between church and state in America tend to focus either on the founding period or the twentieth century Left undiscussed is the long period between the ratification of the Constitution and the 1947 Supreme Court ruling in Everson v Board of Education, which mandated that the Establishment Clause applied to state and local governments Steven Green illuminates this neglected period, arguing that during the 19th century there was a second disestablishment By the early 1800s, formal political disestablishment was the rule at the national level, and almost universal among the states Yet the United States remained a Christian nation, and Protestant beliefs and values dominated American culture and institutions Evangelical Protestantism rose to cultural dominance through moral reform societies and behavioral laws that were undergirded by a maxim that Christianity formed part of the law Simultaneously, law became secularized, religious pluralism increased, and the Protestant oriented public education system was transformed This latter impulse set the stage for the constitutional disestablishment of the twentieth century.The Second Disestablishment examines competing ideologies of evangelical Protestants who sought to create a Christian nation, and of those who advocated broader notions of separation of church and state Green shows that the second disestablishment is the missing link between the Establishment Clause and the modern Supreme Court s church state decisions....
|Title||:||The Second Disestablishment: Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America|
|Publisher||:||Oxford University Press 1 edition April 12, 2010|
|Number of Pages||:||472 pages|
|File Size||:||799 KB|
|Status||:||Available For Download|
|Last checked||:||21 Minutes ago!|
The Second Disestablishment: Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America Reviews
This is a great book! It fills the huge gap between the Founding in the form of the Constitution, especially the !st amendment of the Bill of Rights, and the Supreme Court decisions of the 1940's and beyond, regarding church-state issues. Even though the Supreme Court was little involved with that issue in the 19th Century other courts were, including many state Supreme Courts. The U.S. Supreme Court referenced some of these decisions in their later 20th Century decisions. So, even though there was about a 40 year gap in important church-state decisions, the movement toward disestablishment was a powerful undercurrent from the Founding on and not some new idea, as some in the mid 20th Century tried to argue. After all, our country had a few other things on its mind during the first part of the 20th Century---WWI, the Great Depression and WWII. I'm anxiously looking forward to the author's book about disestablishment in the 20th Century
This is scholarship at its best. Professor Green traces the evolution of establishment clause issues throughout the 19th century and shows that the conflicts among Protestants, Catholics, and secularists during the first century of American democracy presaged the conflicts of the 20th and 21st centuries. This book is an important contribution that debunks the historical accounts now favored in conservative circles both on and off the Court.